Thứ Ba, Tháng Chín 27, 2022
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HomeTHI CÔNGCác loại nhà lá, hướng dẫn lợp nhà bằng lá dừa và...

Các loại nhà lá, hướng dẫn lợp nhà bằng lá dừa và lá cọ truyền thống

Visiting the countryside of the North and the South West, you will come across patterns leaf house traditional character. This is not only architecture but also aesthetics in design, application in real life. Join Wedo to learn the types of leaf houses as well as instructions on how to roof houses with the most popular coconut and palm leaves today.

Features of the leaf house – traditional architecture of Vietnamese culture

The leaf house is one of the common house models in the countryside of the North and the South West. Leaf houses use materials from specialized leaves, linked together, combined with frames and columns to create a complete house.

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Referring to leaf houses, we immediately think of coconut leaf houses in the river area. Here with the calm rivers, the shade of green coconut trees leaning on the two rivers, the lives of the people are associated with the river, so the house made of leaves like this is always a familiar image to everyone.

The characteristics of the houses are that they are simple, idyllic and simple. It is the creation from the skillful hands of the people. That house is a place for people to live, avoid the harsh sunlight of hot summer days, avoid rain and wind. It’s as simple as that, but the leaf houses always have an important function for the people.

The leaf houses are considered temporary houses of the people. Especially in areas where rivers often face natural disasters, this is also a type of house that can be easily rebuilt without much cost.

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The common leaf house in the river countryside

In addition, the leaf house is not simply an architecture but also associated with the traditional culture of each region. For example, the house with leaves of nipa is associated with the western river region or the house with palm leaves is associated with the culture of the people of the North.

The leaves are used to make houses today

House made from palm leaves

Features of palm leaves

There are many leaves used for roofing and house construction, but there are two types of leaves commonly used today, which are nipa leaves and palm leaves.

Palm trees are often grown in mountainous areas, suitable for hot climates but prefer hot and humid climates, prefer shaded and airy places, do not tolerate cold and have good drought tolerance. This plant is not too picky about the soil, most suitable for sandy loam rich in mud and has good drainage.

Palm is a cluster of roots such as coconut, areca, and bamboo. Palm roots cling to the hilly soil, producing only 12 leaves each year, corresponding to 12 months.

In current practical application, round palm leaves have lanceolate beard grooves, so they are suitable for use as roofs and walls. Palm trunks make house poles, electric poles, monkey bridge bodies, water troughs, pig troughs, sticky rice bowls. Palm stalks make sesame rafters, tie, fence or replace bamboo to weave pig baskets, chicken cages, and then palm blinds – a popular export item…

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Instructions for making a house from palm leaves

Step 1: Choose leaves and materials

Palm leaves used for roofing should choose old leaves, dark green, not deep or torn too much. Choosing quality leaves will help prolong the life, your house will be much more durable.

Besides, you prepare additional columns from materials such as bamboo, bamboo, and lattices to tie them firmly to make the frame of the house.

Step 2: Make the house frame

The frame of the house is fixed from materials such as bamboo and bamboo poles. Then proceed to roofing from the roof down and to the surrounding wall.

Step 3: Implement

Before roofing needs to agree on the inch. If the roof is thick, each sheet of double leaves is 10cm apart, and the leaves are 8cm. If the roof is sparse, the distance is 15cm. This distance is called “li leaf”. Thick roofing is called “eye-catching” roofing.

Once the thickness of each leaf has been agreed, each worker uses his palm as a “size tree” to measure the distance between the leaves so that they are all the same size. Similar to the coconut leaf roofing technique, the main worker or the owner of the ground floor will adjust the thickness for each worker.

In order for the roof to be beautiful, the roofing must be consistent with only the right side or the rui fruit.

Coconut leaves are used to make houses

Characteristics of nipa leaves

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The second type of leaf that is very popular for roofing, building houses and associated with the lives of the people in the western region of the river is nipa leaves. Nipa palm trees grow along river banks, especially in the sea, which is a good environment for the tree to grow.

The water coconut tree is a versatile plant because all parts of the tree can be used and applied in daily life. The water coconut is a specialty of the people of the West, which can be processed into many different dishes.

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Besides, coconut leaves are one of the materials used a lot in daily life, especially in the field of construction. Coconut leaves can be roofing, building houses, sheltering from rain and sun, all very well. The roof is usually covered with leaves of water coconut with a thickness of about 20cm, a properly roofed roof can be used for up to 10 years.

In addition to coconut leaves and palm leaves, thatched grass and straw are also commonly used materials to build houses and roofs. You can refer to it to choose the right material for your needs.

Steps to roof a house with water coconut leaves

Step 1: Choose leaves and materials

The first step when carrying out the construction of a leaf house with nipa leaves is to carefully select the leaves to use. The leaves must be the ones that have just ripened, not affected by insects, the rate of tearing is not much. Besides, choose old, dark green leaves, so they will have durability and long life.

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Then the leaves will be cut in half and dried in pairs. Drying time is from 10-15 days, then start construction.

Besides, you need to prepare columns, rafters, and beams to make the frame of the house. These materials will make your house much stronger.

Step 2: Look at the leaves of the water coconut

Casting is an indispensable stage for houses made of this material. After collecting enough coconut leaves, workers will classify them according to different sizes. Tear leaves are small coconut leaves, cut into equal pieces, split in half at the stem and dried.

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If the leaves are large, they will be fixed by forming small pieces. The coconut leaves will be pulled apart, then tied with twine, clamped to the axis of the small round tree, then knitted into large pieces. A sheet of nipa leaves will be about 1m long and used for roofing.

Step 3: Execute

In order to ensure that the roof does not leak, there must be a calculation so that the yard is right. Workers will use an equilateral triangle ruler, from which to place the armpit ruler, calculate the roof exposure plus an average of 1.5cm. Depending on the house, the height will be adjusted differently, the low roof will be dark, but if the roof is too high, the house will be airy but quickly rotten.

If the roofing is thick, each sheet of double leaves is 10cm apart, the leaves are 8cm. If the roof is sparse, the distance is 15cm. This distance is called li leaves, thick roofs will be called close eyes.

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Construction of a leaf house in basic steps

Once the thickness of each leaf has been agreed, each worker uses his palm as a “size tree” to measure the distance between the leaves so that they are all the same size. Similar to the palm leaf roofing technique, the main worker or the owner of the house in the ground will adjust the thickness for each worker.

After the roof is finished, the wall will be erected on both sides of the head. The part adjacent to the ground uses bamboo as a frame and builds the wall with leaves or torn leaves. To ensure durability, aesthetics and safety, when stopping the wall to the top of the column of the third row, stop. The next job is to use bamboo and bamboo rods to make a pressed tree to ballast the outside of the leaf wall, fasten it to the wall frame.

So with 3 basic steps you have a house from coconut leaves to live, solid and still ensure comfort when using.

Advantages of a leaf house

Made from palm leaves or nipa leaves, houses made from this material have the following advantages:

Cool space

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The leaf houses always bring cool space to the users. Using leaf material as the roof, a combination of bamboo and wooden frames is widely used by people. Not only is the place for daily living, the house also makes you feel comfortable when using it. Especially in hot sunny areas, roofing leaf house very reasonable, meet the needs of users.

Simple and peaceful

The design of leaf houses is nothing fancy and complicated like reinforced concrete houses or villa models. The leaf houses always show the ancient beauty, simplicity, tranquility, peace to help your soul at ease. Therefore, nowadays, the leaf house is not only a house to live in but also a resort for many tourist resorts and resorts.

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Cost savings

Roofing with leaves does not cost too much as other types of houses. Therefore, the price is cheap, the technology is not too demanding, bringing economic efficiency, so many rural families with a tight economy love this model. Many families can design and construct this type of leaf house themselves without spending too much money on implementation.

Easy to Renovate and Repair

The model houses are built solidly, peace of mind for people when living. If there is an incident such as a natural disaster or need to be repaired, it does not cost too much and the implementation time is quick. Therefore, this model is considered an easy-to-renovate and repair house, families can remodel according to their wishes.

Pretty long life

The leaf houses have a useful life of up to 10 years if built solidly. Besides, light weight should be suitable for soft soil terrain such as mud, sand, soft soil.

Tourism development

Thatched houses are not only houses for people to live in, but are now widely used in modern life. Many places have created leaf houses with unique and eye-catching shapes to attract tourists to relax and visit. This is also one of the current development trends, which is both economical and creative, bringing efficiency in business.

Application of leaf house in today’s life

Applications in housing

Thatched house is one of the most popular housing models in the countryside. An obvious thing you can see is that people’s demand for convenience in living is higher, so the appearance of house models such as high-rise villas, castles or townhouses is very popular. However, in the countryside, the leaf houses always bring peace and tranquility in life.

For people in difficult economic areas, the leaf house is always the first choice of people. Because the house type is easy to implement and construct, there is no labor cost like building other house models.

In particular, many families also leave a space to design a leaf house next to high-class houses to make a place to rest and relax.

Restaurant applicationcoffee shop

The restaurant models created from leaf roofs are no longer strange to customers today. Not only in the countryside but also in big cities like Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh or other big cities home design Shops like this always bring a close and peaceful space to customers.

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Cafes, restaurants are more and more popular with the style of leaf houses

Especially, these house models, when applied in the restaurant business, are also a feature of preserving the cultural beauty of Vietnamese people. Through is also a way for you to make a brand, attract customers to your restaurant.

Application in eco-zones, resorts

At many resorts, resorts are now too familiar with the designs of leaf roofs to create their own highlights. With a rustic and popular beauty, it gives customers the feeling of familiarity and peace as in their own home.

Especially in hot sunny areas, this type of house design is very reasonable. Creating an airy and comfortable space while helping to save money in business while still bringing your own elements, helping customers always remember you.

Information about leaf house As well as the implementation steps introduced in detail by Wedo, we hope to help you better understand this type of house as well as its application in life so that you can make a reasonable choice that suits your living and living needs. daily use.

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